Clocks: Rajabai Clock Tower (1878)
Mayo Road (presently Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil Marg), Fort.
The sensational Rajabai Tower Case of 1891, in which two girls aged 16 and 20, were found dead at the foot of the Rajabai Clock Tower, firmly established that with advent of the high-rise, the nature of suicides had changed in Bombay.
Formerly Bombay’s distressed inhabitants ended their lives in other ways. Consuming arsenic or opium and drowning in wells were the most common means; knives were also used, to slit throats and wrists. Coroners’ inquests from the mid 19th century suggest that several of the deceased were terminally ill.
The 280-foot Rajabai Clock Tower changed the landscape, with more and more inhabitants choosing to end their lives from the Tower’s top gallery. The problem became so acute that the authorities had to eventually close the Tower to the public.
Photo by Rahul Patel, who stood safely on the ground.
Clocks: Hallai Bhattia Mahajanwady
Kalbadevi Road, Kalbadevi.
When scholars title their articles “Why Bhatiyas are not ‘Banias’ and why this matters”, it is time to take inter-community differences more seriously.
Both the Bhatias and Banias are Hindu Vaishnav trading castes and each of them comprises of numerous jnatis or sub-castes.
In Bombay, in the mid 19th century, the most prominent Bhatia subcastes were the Kutchi Bhatias and the Halai Bhatias and the well known Bania subcastes were the Kapol Banias, the Nagar Banias and the Dasha Shrimali Banias.
The Hallai Bhattia Mahajanwady complex on Kalbadevi Road is a good example of the Halai Bhatias’ marking their presence in the city.
*All the different spellings of ‘Halai’ and ‘Bhatia’ coexist in this post, in keeping with the Blog’s policy of tolerance.
Clocks: Victoria Terminus (VT) (1888)Hersh Acharya captures the clock that compromised first.
Dr Prashant Kidambi is a Senior Lecturer in Colonial Urban History at the University of Leicester.
Clock: Lakshmi Building (1938)
Pherozeshah Mehta Road, Fort.
Lakshmi Insurance Building is a rare and wonderful example of an Art Deco structure with an Indian goddess and a clock at the top. The structure housed the Bombay branch of the Lakshmi Insurance Company of Lahore.
The placing of Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity, above the clock is no doubt a reassuring sight for policyholders and the public at large.
It is a shame that the chiming clock is in such disrepair on the building in Bombay and that the Lakshmi representations are missing from the sister structure in Lahore.
The photograph is shot by Dj Murty on Kodak 400 ISO film.